In the light of the new reform Bill that seeks to overhaul immigration laws in the US, an insight into the history of American immigration will be timely. There is a lot of commotion about the current Immigration policies in the United States.
The USA is known as the land of immigrants shared by a common goal of the great American dream. The last successful American immigration overhaul happened in 1986 under President Reagan who legalized 3 million undocumented immigrants.
But the fact is that United States immigration policy has always been rocked by emotions. In the quest to make a better life in America millions of people have abandoned the old roots and leapt into the brave new world that US opens up.
Boost for Economy
The immigration policy USA has only gained. This is what budget analysts say while explicating the scenario of the future when a spurt of 10.4 million people in the United States over the next decade and an increase of 16 million over 20 years, will come as a shot in the arm for the economy. The CBO affirms that despite the difficulties and burdens, migration is still a bonus to the economy.
Importantly immigration has also been a story of economics. This aspect speaks in the dry numbers from the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) report that assessed the fiscal and economic impact of the ongoing immigration reform legislation.
So it follows that every senator and Congressman, who campaigned in for more economic growth and productivity and railed against the budget deficit and poor recovery, must see the writing on the wall and read the persuasive assessment of the CBO on immigration reform.
In the CBO calculus more people mean more spending on health and welfare. In the next decade direct spending would increase by $262 billion and Senate immigration bill will open a path to citizenship for 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States.
In CBO parlance when more people are working in revenues would soar by $459 billion in another 10 years and consequently federal deficit would be down by almost $200 billion.
The CBO optimism is in stark contrast to Heritage Foundation which warns that immigration reform would drill a fiscal black hole. The Heritage report sees immigrants as a burden. Its myopic outlook rubbishes CBO stats of immigration reform bringing powerful knock-on effects on the economy when new workers boost productivity, consumption and savings.
House Speaker John A. Boehner even threatening not to bring immigration reform to the floor. But the CBO’s central estimates have expectations of new immigrants of working age participating in the labor force at a higher rate, than other people in that age range in the United States. So it expects that by 2025 wages on average a will be up 0.5 percent because the bill would boost the productivity of labor and capital.
The immigration policy history has always been dotted with tales of heroism. From the Europeans who fled after war or famine or the border crossing Latinos, the effort also spilled into cultural blending.